El contrabando de chinos en la frontera de las Californias durante el porfiriato (1876-1911)

Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen

Resumen

En este artículo se analizan las circunstancias bajo las cuales, a mediados del siglo XIX, un gran número de chinos comenzó a migrar a los Estados Unidos, particularmente a California, en calidad de trabajadores bajo contrato. Se examinan las rutas que siguieron los trabajadores chinos para llegar a América del Norte, así como los métodos que utilizaron para cruzar la frontera entre México y California. También se consideran las posiciones de los gobiernos de Estados Unidos y México en torno al asunto, así como los esfuerzos del Servicio de Inmigración estadunidense para eliminar el “contrabando humano”. El artículo pone especial atención a las dificultades enfrentadas por los gobiernos de ambos países al tratar de controlar este tráfico de personas y las razones de su disminución y desaparición a fines de la década de 1920.


ABSTRACT


The article analyzes the circumstances in which great numbers of Chinese began to migrate as contract laborers to the United States, particularly to California, in the midnineteenth century. It examines the routes that Chinese workers used to reach North America, including methods for crossing the Mexico-California border. It also considers the U.S. and Mexican government positions on this issue, as well as the efforts of the U.S. Immigration Service to eradicate the “human contraband.” The article pays particular attention to the difficulties both governments faced in trying to control the trafficking in people and the reasons for its decline and cessation at the end of the 1920s.

Palabras clave: migración internacional; indocumentados; inmigración china; México; California



Texto completo:


Referencias

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