Cambio climático y migración forzada

Climate Change and Forced Migration

Shirley Llain Arenilla, Cindy Hawkins Rada

Resumen

La población de desplazados ambientales se ha incrementado en los últimos años, por lo que este artículo aborda los desafíos que el cambio climático impone a los Estados respecto a los derechos humanos relacionados con la migración forzada. Se estudiará la relación entre cambio climático y migración forzada con el fin de presentar los problemas derivados de la responsabilidad internacional de los Estados y la protección internacional (o la falta de ella) de “refugiados del cambio climático” y apátridas, causados por la desaparición de los Estados como consecuencia del cambio climático; se propondrán soluciones desde el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos.

Palabras clave: cambio climático, migración forzada, refugiados del cambio climático, apátridia, desplazamiento ambiental.


Abstract

The population of environmentally displaced people has increased recently, thus this article aims to address the challenges climate change may impose on Nation-States concerning human rights in relation to forced migration. The relationship between climate change and forced migration will be studied in order to present the problems arising from the allocation of international responsibility among States and the international protection (or the lack thereof) of “Climate Refugees” and stateless persons caused by the disappearance of Nation-States under climate change; solutions will be proposed under the existing International Human Rights Law.

Keywords: climate change, forced migration, climate refugees, statelessness, environmental displacement.



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