Estrategias organizativas y prácticas cívicas binacionales de asociaciones de mexicanos en Chicago: Una perspectiva transnacional desde el lugar

Xóchitl Bada, Cristóbal Mendoza

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Resumen

A pesar del papel fundamental que desempeñan las redes sociales para articular políticas de colaboración entre organizaciones de inmigrantes, se han estudiado poco los factores locales que inciden en la capacidad de estas organizaciones para establecer vínculos estables con otras asociaciones. En este artículo se indaga la relevancia del lugar para entender los procesos de participación cívica binacional de los inmigrantes mexicanos a través de clubes de oriundos, federaciones de inmigrantes y organizaciones comunitarias de base en el área metropolitana de Chicago.

Se concluye que la vinculación al lugar es fundamental para entender la capacidad de movilización política de las organizaciones de migrantes en Chicago, aunque matiza que la excesiva concentración de las acciones políticas de estas organizaciones en zonas geográficas territorialmente marcadas limita su potencial de incidencia política en espacios que se encuentran fuera de su territorio de acción habitual.

Binational Organizational Strategies and Civic Practices of Mexican Migrant-led Associations in Chicago: A Transnational Place Perspective

Abstract

Social networks play a fundamental role in creating strategic alliances among migrant organizations. However, little is known about the local conditions that increase the capacity of these organizations to establish strategic alliances with community based organizations. Th is article studies the relevance of “place” to understand processes of binational civic engagement among Mexican immigrants affi liated to hometown associations, home state federations, and other communitybased organizations in metropolitan Chicago.

It concludes that “place” is fundamental to understanding political mobilization and social contestation strategies displayed by Mexican immigrant organizations in Chicago. Yet the article also cautions about the possible negative consequences of highly-concentrated political actions of immigrant associations in specifi c geographical areas for long-term visible political activism beyond their territorial comfort zones.

Palabras clave: lugar, 2. binacionalidad, 3. mexicanos en Chicago, 4. clubes de oriundos, 5. transnacionalismo político.



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