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Vol. 8 Núm. 31 (2016)

Desempleo y salud mental entre inmigrantes mexicanos y otros grupos de población en Estados Unidos



Analizamos el impacto del desempleo en la salud mental de los inmigrantes mexicanos, comparando a éstos con los mexicanos nacidos en Estados Unidos, con otros hispanos, y con los nativos blancos y afroamericanos, con base en las National Health InterviewSurveys de 1999 y 2009. Destacan las bajas prevalencias de tensiones sicológicas en los inmigrantes mexicanos. A pesar del aumento de las tasas de desempleo, los problemas de salud mental se mantuvieron estables; sin embargo, nuestros resultados sugieren un fuerte efecto negativo del desempleo sobre la salud mental. Efectos de la composición de los grupos ayudan  explicarlo. El impacto del desempleo sobre la salud mental aumenta considerablemente entre los blancos nativos, mientras en los grupos con más desventajas socioeconómicas, los afroamericanos y los hispanos, se mantuvo sin cambios.

Imagen de portada

Palabras clave

  • desempleo
  • salud mental
  • latinoamericanos en Estados Unidos
  • inmigrantes mexicanos
  • análisis causal

Cómo citar

CAICEDO, M., & VAN GAMEREN, E. (2016). Desempleo y salud mental entre inmigrantes mexicanos y otros grupos de población en Estados Unidos. Migraciones Internacionales, 8(31), 167–200.


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