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De Portugal a Europa. La sociología de la migración científica a nivel pormenorizado en tiempos de crisis de la Eurozona

From Portugal to Europe. A micro-level Sociology of scientific migration in times of Eurozone crisis

Rafaela NEIVA GANGA, José Pedro SILVA, Henrique VAZ, Rui GOMES, João TEIXEIRA LOPES, Luísa CERDEIRA, Sílvia SILVA, Belmiro GIL CABRITO, Dulce MAGALHÃES, Maria De Lourdes MACHADO-TAYLOR, Paulo PEIXOTO, Rui BRITES, Tomás PATROCÍNIO

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Resumen

La movilidad internacional académica y la migración intraeuropea altamente cualificada son tendencias consolidadas. Vigorosamente estimuladas por las políticas de la UE, las oportunidades son dinámicas y la circulación a través de diferentes puestos de trabajo y entre países es una característica destacada de la comunidad académica. Sin embargo, debido a que la economía y el sistema científico son frágiles en Portugal, esas tendencias son sinónimos de la fuga de cerebros, particularmente en tiempos de crisis de la zona euro. Con el fin de cuestionar el lugar de la crisis económica en el proceso de tomar decisiones de la migración de los científicos, se analizan cinco retratos sociológicos, considerando que la movilidad académica suele estar asociada con perspectivas de carrera individuales y es fomentada por las políticas europeas.   

               

             

         

Palabras clave: retratos sociológicos; la emigración científica; fuga de cerebros; crisis de la zona euro; Portugal


Abstract

Academic international mobility and intra-European highly skilled migration are consolidated trends. Strongly stimulated by EU policies, the opportunities are highly dynamic, and circulation through different jobs and countries is a striking feature of the academic community. However, for fragile economy and scientific system such as Portugal’s these trends are synonymous with brain drain, particularly in times of Eurozone crisis. To study the role of the economic crisis in scientist’s decision-making process, in terms of their own migration, five individual portraits are analysed, taking into account that academic mobility is often associated with individual career perspectives and encouraged by European policies.

 

 

Keywords: individual portraits; scientist's emigration; brain drain; Eurozone crisis; Portugal



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