US-Mexico Border Militarization and Violence: Dispossession and Disorganization of Undocumented Laboring Classes from Puebla, Mexico

Alison Elizabeth Lee

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Resumen

Abstract

How does the U.S.-Mexico border build-up of the mid-2000s change clandestine crossing experiences? Semi-structured interviews with return migrants in Puebla, Mexico in 2003-04 and 2011 revealed how increased enforcement entailed greater risks of arrest and potentiated violence migrants experienced at the hands of smugglers and criminals, reducing circular migration. Dispossessed of physical security and psychological well-being, “illegal” mobile bodies create value for multiple accumulation processes: at the point of production as vulnerable workers, as well as commodities for trafficking organizations and private detention centers. The violence disciplines migrants for the exploitative labor relations of temporary worker programs.

 

Resumen

¿Cómo cambia el endurecimiento de la frontera en los 2000 la experiencia del cruce fronterizo clandestino?  Entrevistas con migrantes retornados en Puebla, México en 2003-04 y 2011 revelaron un mayor riesgo de detención y violencia contra los migrantes por los coyotes y criminales en la frontera, reduciendo la migración circular. Los cuerpos “ilegales” desposeídos de seguridad física y bienestar psicológico crean valor en múltiples procesos de acumulación: como mano de obra vulnerable, así como mercancías para los coyotes y centros privados de detención. La violencia disciplina los migrantes para las relaciones laborales explotadoras de los programas de trabajadores temporales.

Palabras clave: Violence; illegality; human smuggling; México; United States



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Idioma original


Referencias

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