Festivals, Oaxacan Immigrant Communities and Cultural Spaces Between Mexico and the United States: The Guelaguetzas in California

Festivales, comunidades inmigrantes oaxaqueñas y espacios culturales entre México y Estados Unidos: Las Guelaguetzas en California

Luis Escala Rabadán, Gaspar Rivera-Salgado

Idioma original:

Resumen

En este artículo examinamos el papel de los festivales conocidos como Guelaguetzas entre las comunidades migrantes de Oaxaca, México, en California, Estados Unidos, como factor fundamental para la consolidación de dichas comunidades. Se considera que las actividades culturales desplegadas en dichos festivales permiten apreciar de mejor manera los procesos de reconfiguración de vínculos con los lugares de origen y con la sociedad de destino. Así mismo, su celebración implica la formación de espacios culturales que permiten la resignificación de sus contenidos, que se hace evidente a través del énfasis de tres componentes identitarios de estos migrantes oaxaqueños: la condición migrante, la condición indígena y el elemento panoaxaqueño.

Palabras clave: migración transnacional; redes migratorias; remesas; otomíes sudhuastecos; Hñähñü


Abstract

In this article, we examine the role of the festivals known as Guelaguetzas that are organized among communities of Oaxacan (Oaxaca, Mexico) immigrants settled in California (United States), as a key factor for their internal consolidation process. We argue that all cultural activities displayed in such festivals allow a greater appreciation of the reconfiguration processes linking the places of origin and destination. Furthermore, the organization of these festivals entails the creation of cultural spaces that allow a resignification of their contents by emphasizing three core elements of the social identity for these Oaxacan immigrants: the migrant condition, indigeneity, and the pan-Oaxacan dimension.

Keywords: cultural spaces; Oaxacan migration; immigrant communities; cultural practices; California


Texto completo:

Idioma original


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