The Impact of Labor Migration on Human Capital Development

El impacto de la migración laboral en el desarrollo del capital humano

Aleksandr Grebeniyk, Ivan Aleshkovski, Anastasiya Maksimova

Resumen

The growing role of labor migration is one of the most notable trends in international migration flows. This migration has become an important factor in economic development and a source of the increasing interdependence of countries and regions in today’s globalized world. It impacts migrants’ country of origin as well as the destination country, chiefly affecting human capital in both groups of nations. This article systematizes the positive and negative effects of labor migration focusing on human capital while suggesting a system of indicators characterizing such effects. Special attention is paid to the analysis of policies related to such migration. This study explains how countries of origin and destination must carry out effective and fair management of labor migration to make the most of its benefits at an international level.

Palabras clave: labor migration, human capital, development, migration policies, Europe.


Abstract

El papel creciente de la migración laboral es una de las tendencias más notables en los flujos migratorios internacionales. Esta migración se ha convertido en un factor importante para el desarrollo económico y es fuente de una creciente interdependencia entre países y regiones en el mundo global actual. Su impacto se siente tanto en los países de origen de los migrantes como en los de destino, afectando principalmente al capital humano de ambos países. Este artículo sistematiza los efectos positivos y negativos de la migración laboral con respecto al capital humano, al mismo tiempo que propone un sistema de indicadores que caracterizan tales efectos. Se presta especial atención al análisis de las políticas relacionadas con este tipo de migración. Esta investigación argumenta que tanto los países de origen como los de destino deben llevar a cabo una gestión eficaz y justa de la migración laboral para aprovechar al máximo de sus beneficios a nivel internacional.

Keywords: migración laboral, capital humano, desarrollo, políticas migratorias, Europa.



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