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Inmigración y metrópolis: Reflexiones acerca de la historia urbana

Alejandro Portes

Idioma original:

Resumen

Este artículo presenta un esquema evolutivo de la relación entre migración y ciudad. Describo los aspectos centrales de tal relación histórica como preámbulo para examinar tres aspectos de la situación actual: los diversos determinantes de flujos contemporáneos de trabajadores, los orígenes políticos de la resistencia a la migración internacional y el renovado papel protagonista de áreas metropolitanas en calidad de nódulos estratégicos del sistema internacional. Como parte del tercer tema, esbozo el surgimiento del transnacionalismo como forma novedosa de adaptación inmigrante y como una respuesta potencial a la lógica prevaleciente del capitalismo global. Por último, discuto las implicaciones teóricas y de política pública que se desprenden de este análisis.

 


ABSTRACT


This article presents an outline of the relationship between migration and the city in its evolution over time. I sketch the central aspects of this historical relation as a prelude to examining three aspects of the contemporary scene: the various determinants of contemporary labour flows; the political sources of resistance to international migration; and the renewed protagonist role of metropolitan areas as strategic nodes of the international system. As part of the latter process, I sketch the rise of transnationalism as a novel form of adaptation to immigration and as a potential response to the overriding logic of global capitalism. Implications of a migration-centered approach to cities for theory and policy are dismissed.

Palabras clave: inmigrantes; urbanización; transnacionalismo; globalización; redes sociales; capitalismo




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