Emigrantes mexicanos retornados y el uso de la violencia en la comisión del delito

Carlos Javier Vilalta Perdomo

Resumen

El comportamiento criminal entre los emigrantes retornados a los países en vías de desarrollo no ha sido estudiado pese a los crecientes flujos migratorios internacionales. Este estudio analiza los resultados de una encuesta sobre una muestra de 1 264 reclusos en cárceles de México. Se analizan comparativamente dos grupos de reclusos: emigrantes retornados y no emigrantes. El objetivo es buscar relaciones entre el ejercicio de la violencia durante la comisión del delito y un conjunto de factores individuales, de contexto familiar y comunitarios. El estudio no encuentra diferencias estadísticamente significativas en términos de un mayor uso de la violencia o tipo de delito cometido entre ambos grupos.

Abstract

Scholars have not studied criminal behavior among returned migrants in developing countries despite increasing international migration flows. This study addresses that shortcoming by analyzing a survey of 1 264 prison inmates in Mexico, comparing nonmigrants and returned migrants. The objective is to correlate the use of violence during the crime with a set of individual, family, and community factors. This study does not find statistical differences between the two groups in terms of the use of violence during the crime or the type of crime committed.

Palabras clave: emigrantes retornados; violencia; delincuencia; población en reclusión; México




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Fecha de recepción: 9 de septiembre de 2008.

Fecha de aceptación: 22 de mayo de 2009.



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